Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow proposed in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation, which he subsequently extended. His theory contends that as humans meet ‘basic needs’, they seek to satisfy successively ‘higher needs’ that occupy a set hierarchy. Maslow studied exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that “the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy.” (Motivation and Personality, 1987)
This diagram shows Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more primitive needs at the bottom.
But lately, due to advent of technology these needs have changed. We have new needs that can’t be explained by the above model. Now, the new hierarchy of needs looks somewhat like this: